Understanding the Risks and Complications of Tooth Extraction

Understanding the Risks and Complications of Tooth Extraction

Jul 01, 2023

Although tooth extractions can seem intimidating, they are routine surgical procedures frequently performed by dentist in Brampton and oral surgeon. Knowing what to anticipate can help alleviate anxiety during the process.

Like other medical procedures, tooth extractions have potential complications, including infection, dry sockets, and prolonged swelling. However, if these risks are managed appropriately, it can decrease the likelihood of additional issues. In this guide, we will explore the potential risks and complications that may arise after tooth extraction.

Risks of Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction risks include:

Improper Teeth Alignment

After tooth extraction, the adjacent teeth may shift, causing malocclusion and affecting the bite. This can harm other healthy teeth, necessitating further dental procedures.

This issue can be prevented by taking measures to compensate for the missing tooth. Orthodontic treatment can move the surrounding teeth, or a dental implant, bridge, or denture can replace the extracted tooth.

Bite Collapse

The bite can collapse in some cases, particularly those involving multiple wisdom tooth extractions. This consists of a decrease in the vertical dimension of occlusion, causing the lower jaw to rotate closer to the upper jaw. As a result, the muscles used for chewing may become strained, leading to symptoms such as dry, chapped, or cracked lips.

Delayed Healing

Certain medications, such as bisphosphonates commonly prescribed for treating osteoporosis or some cancers, can slow the jaw’s healing process following tooth extraction, resulting in a prolonged recovery period.

Dry Socket

After tooth extraction, a blood clot typically forms over the socket. However, in some instances, this blood clot can be dislodged early, resulting in a condition known as osteitis or dry socket.

Nerve damage

Removing certain teeth may occasionally cause injury to the associated nerve, resulting in a persistent numb or tingling sensation in the affected area. Although this is a rare occurrence, it can affect some patients.

Preventing and Managing Complications after Tooth Extraction

Tooth extractions in Brampton, ON, are a common dental procedure with minimal complications. However, like any dental procedure, there are potential complications to consider.


Bleeding is expected after the procedure, with minor bleeding or blood oozing common. Soft tissue or bone bleeding can cause localized post-extraction bleeding due to vessel injury.

Swelling and Inflammation

Swelling is a normal response to the extraction, with minor swelling being common in simple extractions and significant swelling in complex extractions. Persistent inflammation may indicate an infection that requires dental attention.


Once the numbing agent has worn off, the patient may experience pain, which can be managed with painkillers. However, prolonged discomfort or worsening pain should be examined by a dentist for potential complications.

Management of Tooth Extraction

The following home remedies can help manage oral problems by reducing inflammation, eliminating harmful bacteria, or providing pain relief for minor issues. However, it’s important to seek immediate treatment if you experience severe pain or any complications after tooth extraction.

To stop excessive bleeding, remove old clots, apply a gauze pad, and bite down firmly for thirty minutes. If necessary, repeat or bite down on a cold tea bag for ten to fifteen minutes to form a clot. For swelling and dry socket, apply cold packs to your face for fifteen minutes and then use warm washcloths for pain relief. Rinsing with salt water can help remove debris and treat infections.

To alleviate pain, take the prescribed pain relievers as directed by your dentist and discuss any allergies, medications, and health conditions. Other home remedies include using black tea bags, honey, or clove oil, but consult your dentist or oral surgeon before trying clove oil as it may cause adverse effects. Remember not to drive or operate machinery while taking pain medication and avoid alcoholic beverages.

Tooth Extraction Aftercare

Starting from the following day until complete recovery:

Avoid hard foods such as nuts, candy, and ice cream. You may experience temporary difficulty with speech and increased saliva, which should resolve within a week. Bruising on the skin is possible and should disappear within five to seven days. You may have trouble opening your mouth, which should improve in four to five days. Contact us if your pain worsens after three days. You should start feeling better after a few days and can return to your normal routine.

If you experience heavy bleeding, severe pain, swelling lasting two to three days, or an adverse reaction to medication, call us at Bramwest Dental.

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